One response is a flurry of mass transit proposals. This is in line with
[By the way, see here for a critical review of the policy especially its mass transit aspects and its failure to consider seriously any restraint of private vehicle ownership (or even to slow growth in vehicle numbers).]
Delhi's Metro is operating and being expanded. Depending on who you listen to, it is a great success or an under-utilized white elephant.
Mumbai has long been trying to improve its very busy and heavily used suburban rail lines. It has more recently been debating elevated rail options, including monorail, 'skybus' and others.
Hyderbad has a metrorail project out for tender with bids coming in.
Ahmedabad has reportedly approved a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), with technical assistance from ITDP.
There seem to be many others! I wonder how this will play out. For now Metro rail seems to have strong momentum, powerful interests behind it, and high-level support in governments. Can BRT prove itself the cost-effective option for many corridors? Can institutional arrangements be found to make BRT happen in South Asia?